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Ngorongoro Crater

The reason why is a best place to visit is because the Ngorongoro conservancy is located in the Crater Highlands of Northeastern Tanzania. The conservancy, an intrinsic part of the Serengeti ecosystem, borders Serengeti National Park to the Northwest and is on the path of the annual wildebeest and zebra migration. From the vast Serengeti National Park plains to the Eastern arm of the Great Rift Valley, the Ngorongoro Conservancy Area stretches out into a stunning area of 8,292 Sq. KM. Its magnificent savannah plains, highlands and forest canopies harbor the Big 5, including a dense population of lions, wildebeests, zebras and gazelles.

Ngorongoro aims to maintain the historic balance of people and nature in a way which has not been possible in parts of Africa. At stake are the rich biodiversity and ecology of the Serengeti Plain sand Ngorongoro Highlands, the major palaeontological and archaeological sites and the vital water catchments areas. Within all this, man and wildlife have to co-exist without harming or destroying each others habitats. Tourism is vital to provide revenue for the area, has been encouraged and developed, with a respect for culture, and without damaging. the environment. Ngorongoro provides an opportunity to learn about the African contribution to global culture and to understand, its values in today’s world, educational visits are encouraged. Man and his ancestors have lived in the Ngorongoro ecosystem for more than three million years. Evidence of a regional hunter-gatherer culture dates back 17,000 years and it is clear that various tribes have migrated in and out of the area, just as they have done in relatively recent times. By careful management and continuing research, the fragile balance between man and nature is successfully maintained.

 The Ngorongoro Crater: Safari and Wildlife Experience

Ngorongoro Crater, a deep volcanic crater is the jewel in Ngorongoro’s crown. It is the largest unfolded and unbroken caldera in the world. The Ngorongoro Crater is 19.2 kilometer in diameter, 610 meters deep and 304 square kilometers in area. The rich pasture and permanent water of the Ngorongoro Crater floor supports a large resident population of wildlife of up to 25000, predominantly grazing animals. These include wildebeest, Zebra, Gazelle, buffalo, eland, hartebeest and warthog. The swamps and forest provide additional resources for hippo, elephant, waterbuck, reedbuck, and bushbuck, baboons and vervet monkeys. Bull elephants of the Ngorongoro Crater regularly descend to the Ngorongoro Crater floor. The large breeding herds wander throughout the forest rim where they find the most suitable food. The steep inner slopes provide a habitat for dikdik and the rare mountain reedbuck. Jackals thrive in the crater and bat eared foxes live in the short grass areas. Predatory animals in the Ngorongoro Crater like leopards, lion, cheetah, serval cat, live off the abundant wildlife; large packs of hyena roam the Ngorongoro crater, making their own kills and scavenging from others. Lions in particular are abundant in the Ngorongoro Crater. There are five main crater prides of between 10-20 animals each defending its own territory. Cheetahs live in the Ngorongoro Crater but sometimes find it hard to defend their kills against the many lions so Bush Routes Adventures guests may have a better chance of seeing these beautiful animals on the plains. Cheetahs are the fastest land animals and can achieve speeds of nearly 115 kilometers per hour. Leopards are found in the forests and along the Munge stream, but they are solitary creatures, secretive and able to be spotted by well trained guides. Thanks to the anti poaching patrols, the black rhino in the Ngorongoro Crater are relatively safe and the numbers are increasing with time. Ngorongoro Crater is one of the few places in East Africa where visitors can be certain of seeing the rhino in its natural environment. Birdlife in the Ngorongoro Crater is superb. The mixture of forest, canyons, grassland plains, lakes and marshes provided habitats for a wide range of birdlife. The wet months see the arrival of the Eurasian migrants at the open pools. White storks, yellow wagtails and swallows mingle with the local inhabitants: stilts, saddle bill storks, Ibis, ruff, and various species of duck. Lesser flamingoes fly in to feed from their breeding grounds at Lake Natron. Distinctive grassland birds – ostrich, kori bustards, and crowned cranes – abound. The other parts of the Ngorongoro apart from the Ngorongoro Crater itself has areas which will reward the keen ornithologist. In conclusion, the Ngorongoro Crater is a dynamic and constantly changing ecosystem and the numbers of some of the animals increase and decrease with time.

Around Ngorongoro Crater: Serengeti Plains
The plains extend from the Serengeti National Park into the western portion of the Ngorongoro around the small Lake Ndutu and Lake Masek to the north of Olduvai Gorge. The plains play their part in the annual wildebeest migration which sees many animals head out of the area in may, when the long rains arrive and northward into the Serengeti.

Around Ngorongoro Crater: Lake Eyasi
Lake Eyasi borders the south-western fringe of the Ngorongoro. The salty, sometimes dry, Lake Eyasi is rimmed by the steep wall of the ancient Eyasi Rift.



Ngorongoro Safari

  • Ngorongoro by flight
  • Bird watching to Ngorongoro
  • Ngorongoro by road
  • Combine Budget in Ngorongoro
  • Cultural Village to Ngorongoro
  • Day – Trip to Ngorongoro
  • Family – Trip Camping Safari
  • Joining group Camping Safari
  • 5 days Ngoro2 Camping Safari
  • North and South Tanzania Safari
  • Ngorongoro and Tarangire Safari
  • Ngorongoro and Serengeti Safari
  • Ngorongoro and Manyara Safari
  • Luxury Visiting at Ngorongoro

Accommodations Ngorongoro

  • Ngorongoro Crater Lodge
  • Ngorongoro Sopa Lodge
  • Ngorongoro Serena Lodge
  • Ngorongoro Wildlife Lodge
  • Ngorongoro Rhino Lodge
  • Ngorongoro Plantation Lodge
  • Ngorongoro Forest Tented Lodge
  • Ngorongoro Octagon Lodge
  • Ngorongoro Ndutu Lodge
  • Ngorongoro Tloma Lodge
  • Ngorongoro Bougainvillea Lodge

A Combined Safaris with Lake Eyasi near Ngorongoro Crater

  • Budget Camping safari
  • Lake Eyasi Camping Safari
  • Hadzabe and Northern Safari
  • Lake Eyasi Camping Safari  hunting with Hadzabe Bushmen
  • Lake Eyasi Vegetation Safari
  • Lake Eyasi group Camping safari
  • 5days budget camping safari
  • North and South Tanzania Trip
  • Bushman and Ngorongoro
  • Eyasi and Lake Manyara
  • Car hire to Lake Eyasi
  • Lake Eyasi and Ngorongoro
  • Lake Eyasi and Serengeti Camping Safari
  • Budget Camping Adventure
  • Luxury Visiting at Lake Eyasi Camping
  • Traditional Experience in Eyasi .
 Around Ngorongoro Crater: Olmoti Crater and Embakaai Crater

Olmoti Crater and Embakaai Crater are smaller than Ngorongoro Crater, both are noted
for the beauty and solitude. The floors of both craters are easily accessible on foot but visitors are accompanied by our guides. The rim on the Olmoti Crater is measured at 3700 meters but the crater itself is relatively shallow. The grassy aldera is home to eland, bushbuck and sometimes buffalo along with the Maasai and their livestock. Water flows across the Olmoti Crater to the south side where it pours out through a cleft in a small but spectacular waterfall known as Munge Stream. The 300 meter deep-six kilometer wide Embakai Crater is dominated by a very deep soda lake which occupies nearly half the floor. Water birds such as the black winged stilt, cape teal and flamingo inhabit its shores. Much of the 32 kilometer Embakaai Crater rim can be walked and provides spectacular views. Wildlife is often seen around the lake.

Around Ngorongoro Crater: Lake Natron
This extremely alkaline lake is a major source of food for the flamingoes. who thrive on the algae which grows there. Lake Natron, just outside the Ngorongoro to the north-east, is the largest breeding ground in East Africa for flamingoes.

Around Ngorongoro Crater: Gol Mountains (Oldonyo Gol Hills).
The remote and ecologically fragile Gol mountains, with their pink granite cliffs are divided by the grassy pass of Angata Kiti. In the rain shadow on the Ngorongoro highlands, this area is usually barren and dusty, yet it is exceptionally fertile and only a small amount of moisture produces mineral rich grass that attracts huge herds of animals during the migration.

Around Ngorongoro Crater: Nasera Rock
Nasera Rock is a granite monolith rising 80 meters above the plains and lies in the shadow of the Gol Mountains. During the wet season wildebeest romp across the green grass and baboons clamber up the steep sides of the rock. Klipspringers are resident on the rock and a wide variety of bird life is found in the trees near Nasera’s base.

Around Ngorongoro Crater: Olkarien Gorge
The Salei plains lead to Olkarien Gorge, a spectacular, narrow rocky cut at the eastern edge of the Gol Mountains, and the nesting site of the Ruppel’s griffon vulture.

Around Ngorongoro Crater: Oldeani Mountain
Oldeani Mountain is located in the south-west of the Ngorongoro. This forest-clad ‘bamboo mountain’ is the source of the stream which tumbles into the Ngorongoro Crater and supports the Lerai Forest. It supplies Ngorongoro village and the nearby safari lodges with drinking water, while its western flanks feed water into Lake Eyasi.

Around Ngorongoro Crater: Acacia Woodlands
The north wall of the Ngorongoro Crater is covered by red thorn acacia, which is gradually taking over from the high montage forest in the east. Steinbok are resident here and you may also see elephant and giraffe, with the latter never venturing into the crater itself. In the South west of the Ngorongoro, between the treeless plains of the Serengeti and the escarpment near Lake Eyasi is a band of acacia woodland. Fed by the Kakesio, and other small rivers, this area supports giraffe and a range of migratory plains game animals.