The reason why is a best place to visit is because the Ngorongoro conservancy is located in the Crater Highlands of Northeastern Tanzania. The conservancy, an intrinsic part of the Serengeti ecosystem, borders Serengeti National Park to the Northwest and is on the path of the annual wildebeest and zebra migration. From the vast Serengeti National Park plains to the Eastern arm of the Great Rift Valley, the Ngorongoro Conservancy Area stretches out into a stunning area of 8,292 Sq. KM. Its magnificent savannah plains, highlands and forest canopies harbor the Big 5, including a dense population of lions, wildebeests, zebras and gazelles.
Ngorongoro aims to maintain the historic balance of people and nature in a way which has not been possible in parts of Africa. At stake are the rich biodiversity and ecology of the Serengeti Plain sand Ngorongoro Highlands, the major palaeontological and archaeological sites and the vital water catchments areas. Within all this, man and wildlife have to co-exist without harming or destroying each others habitats. Tourism is vital to provide revenue for the area, has been encouraged and developed, with a respect for culture, and without damaging. the environment. Ngorongoro provides an opportunity to learn about the African contribution to global culture and to understand, its values in today’s world, educational visits are encouraged. Man and his ancestors have lived in the Ngorongoro ecosystem for more than three million years. Evidence of a regional hunter-gatherer culture dates back 17,000 years and it is clear that various tribes have migrated in and out of the area, just as they have done in relatively recent times. By careful management and continuing research, the fragile balance between man and nature is successfully maintained.
| The Ngorongoro Crater: Safari and Wildlife Experience
Ngorongoro Crater, a deep volcanic crater is the jewel in Ngorongoro’s crown. It is the largest unfolded and unbroken caldera in the world. The Ngorongoro Crater is 19.2 kilometer in diameter, 610 meters deep and 304 square kilometers in area. The rich pasture and permanent water of the Ngorongoro Crater floor supports a large resident population of wildlife of up to 25000, predominantly grazing animals. These include wildebeest, Zebra, Gazelle, buffalo, eland, hartebeest and warthog. The swamps and forest provide additional resources for hippo, elephant, waterbuck, reedbuck, and bushbuck, baboons and vervet monkeys. Bull elephants of the Ngorongoro Crater regularly descend to the Ngorongoro Crater floor. The large breeding herds wander throughout the forest rim where they find the most suitable food. The steep inner slopes provide a habitat for dikdik and the rare mountain reedbuck. Jackals thrive in the crater and bat eared foxes live in the short grass areas. Predatory animals in the Ngorongoro Crater like leopards, lion, cheetah, serval cat, live off the abundant wildlife; large packs of hyena roam the Ngorongoro crater, making their own kills and scavenging from others. Lions in particular are abundant in the Ngorongoro Crater. There are five main crater prides of between 10-20 animals each defending its own territory. Cheetahs live in the Ngorongoro Crater but sometimes find it hard to defend their kills against the many lions so Bush Routes Adventures guests may have a better chance of seeing these beautiful animals on the plains. Cheetahs are the fastest land animals and can achieve speeds of nearly 115 kilometers per hour. Leopards are found in the forests and along the Munge stream, but they are solitary creatures, secretive and able to be spotted by well trained guides. Thanks to the anti poaching patrols, the black rhino in the Ngorongoro Crater are relatively safe and the numbers are increasing with time. Ngorongoro Crater is one of the few places in East Africa where visitors can be certain of seeing the rhino in its natural environment. Birdlife in the Ngorongoro Crater is superb. The mixture of forest, canyons, grassland plains, lakes and marshes provided habitats for a wide range of birdlife. The wet months see the arrival of the Eurasian migrants at the open pools. White storks, yellow wagtails and swallows mingle with the local inhabitants: stilts, saddle bill storks, Ibis, ruff, and various species of duck. Lesser flamingoes fly in to feed from their breeding grounds at Lake Natron. Distinctive grassland birds – ostrich, kori bustards, and crowned cranes – abound. The other parts of the Ngorongoro apart from the Ngorongoro Crater itself has areas which will reward the keen ornithologist. In conclusion, the Ngorongoro Crater is a dynamic and constantly changing ecosystem and the numbers of some of the animals increase and decrease with time.
Around Ngorongoro Crater: Serengeti Plains
Around Ngorongoro Crater: Lake Eyasi
A Combined Safaris with Lake Eyasi near Ngorongoro Crater
| Around Ngorongoro Crater: Olmoti Crater and Embakaai Crater
Olmoti Crater and Embakaai Crater are smaller than Ngorongoro Crater, both are noted
Around Ngorongoro Crater: Lake Natron
Around Ngorongoro Crater: Gol Mountains (Oldonyo Gol Hills).
Around Ngorongoro Crater: Nasera Rock
Around Ngorongoro Crater: Olkarien Gorge
Around Ngorongoro Crater: Oldeani Mountain
Around Ngorongoro Crater: Acacia Woodlands